//www.lhmqehh.cn/index.php/sljbr/issue/feed 塞拉利昂生物医学研究杂志 2019-09-16T16:46:23 + 00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00 拉希德ansumana,博士 sljbr02@gmail.com. 开放期刊系统 <p>The <em>塞拉利昂生物医学研究杂志</em> publishes papers in all fields of Medicine and Allied Health Sciences including Basic Medical Sciences, Clinical Sciences, Dental Sciences, Behavioural Sciences, Biomedical Engineering, Molecular Biology, Pharmaceutical Sciences, Biotechnology in relation to Medicine, Environment and Health, Nursing Sciences, Health Education and Primary Health Care.<br />Note: the journal's maiden issue is now open access - other issues of this journal are subscription based.</p><p>Other websites related to this journal:<a title="http://www.sljbr.org/index.php/sjbmr" href="http://www.sljbr.org/index.php/sjbmr" target="_blank"> http://www.sljbr.org/index.php/sjbmr</a></p> //www.lhmqehh.cn/index.php/sljbr/article/view/189738 胰岛素抗性在显然健康的成人尼日利亚人:与镁状况联系 2019-09-16T16:46:17 + 00:00 F.I. 阿克朗, 信仰.akinnibosun@uniben.edu 哦。 WeakeMeeia 信仰.akinnibosun@uniben.edu <p><strong>ABSTRACT</strong></p><p>镁在葡萄糖新陈代谢中起着关键作用,证据表明缺镁与胰岛素敏感性降低有关。然而,这些关系可能受到不同人群可能不同的遗传和环境因素的影响。本研究的目的是确定胰岛素抵抗的患病率及其与明显健康的成人尼日利亚人之间的镁状况的关联。在120%的健康成人中测定空腹血浆水平,葡萄糖和胰岛素。胰岛素抵抗计算为HOMA-IR。估计胰岛素抵抗的患病率,并测定了血浆镁水平与HOMA-IR之间的关联。大约19.2%的研究受试者被归类为具有胰岛素的抵抗力。与雌性(21.0%与17.0%)和肥胖相比,患有患病率高于正常重量受试者(26.1%vs.14.9%)。与具有正常血浆镁水平(50.0%对14.4%)的受试者相比,具有缺血性血症的受试者具有更高的胰岛素抵抗率(50.0%vs.4.4%)。胰岛素抵抗与血浆镁水平与年龄,性别和BMI无关的血浆镁水平与血浆抗性相关。本研究中显然健康的个体间胰岛素抗性相对常见。发现镁缺乏是胰岛素抵抗力的显着预测因子。我们建议进一步研究,旨在调查一般人群中镁状况或患有2型糖尿病风险的个体的优化将是降低胰岛素抵抗的有用方法,并在我们的环境中延迟2型糖尿病或延迟患者。</p> 2018-12-31T00:00:00 + 00:00 版权所有(c) //www.lhmqehh.cn/index.php/sljbr/article/view/189763 堕胎采购和堕胎后护理服务:尼日利亚青少年的经验 2019-09-16T16:46:18 + 00:00 Olayinka A. Oysoga, challacer_noga@yahoo.com. Sathasivan Airchallam. challacer_noga@yahoo.com. <p>ABSTRACT <br /> <br />介绍:预防堕胎相关的并发症和死亡率取决于整个医疗保健系统中紧急后堕胎护理(PAC)的可用性,可访问性和可用性。不幸的是,由于许多挑战和障碍,尼日利亚青少年往往无法获得充足的堕胎后护理服务。本研究试图探讨堕胎和堕胎后护理服务的经验,从青少年的角度看,这是提高青少年的最佳利用的第一步<br /> <br />方法:使用了定性探索性研究设计。在住院期间,使用青少年患者进行了20个半结构性访谈。青少年患者在深入访谈前获得了正式咨询和知情同意。半结构面试指南用于数据收集,使用内容分析分析数据。<br /> <br />结果:从面试中发现,由于恐惧,侮辱或拒绝,青少年发现青少年难以与父母或监护人讨论怀孕和堕胎的问题。由于医疗保健提供者的未能确保隐私,以及由于医院协议和规定的药物的不可释放,这些药物的延迟遭受了护理,羞耻和耻辱的疏忽,以及明显影响了他们所收到的PAC护理服务的规定药物青少年经历了恐惧,羞耻和侮辱,疏忽护理和缺乏足够的PAC服务。这些调查结果强调了审查针对青少年的健康行动的需要堕胎并发症和计划干预措施,旨在改善令人友好的友好的PAC服务的提供,以满足这些青少年的生殖健康需求。</p> 2018-12-31T00:00:00 + 00:00 版权所有(c) //www.lhmqehh.cn/index.php/sljbr/article/view/189764 拉各斯州镰状细胞病患者的脂质剖面和疾病严重程度。尼日利亚 2019-09-16T16:46:19 + 00:00 Uche Ebene. Eifushi2000@yahoo.com. 征用 Eifushi2000@yahoo.com. 奥古斯丁本杰明 Eifushi2000@yahoo.com. Ismail Ayobami. Eifushi2000@yahoo.com. okinbase. Eifushi2000@yahoo.com. dodu ayverti. Eifushi2000@yahoo.com. 字符abdulhefeenz. Eifushi2000@yahoo.com. <p>ABSTRACT <br /> <br />背景:镰状细胞贫血是一种常染色体隐性紊乱,由于谷氨酸替代谷氨酸而产生。这发生在血红蛋白B链的位置6处,导致异常血红蛋白的合成和随后产生特征镰状红细胞的产生。研究记录了这种人口脂质稳态的几种改变。已知超高和低血脂血症与发病率和死亡率增加相关,因此必须评估与镰状细胞贫血的关系。目的:本研究的目的是建立LaSuth患者镰状细胞贫血患者的基线血清脂质水平,并将其与患者的严重性分数相关联。受试者和方法:在57个血红蛋白SS(HBSS)患者中测量血清总胆固醇(Tc),甘油三酯(Tg),低密度脂蛋白(LDL),高密度脂蛋白(HDL)和非常低密度脂蛋白(VLDL)稳定状态。所有使用的患者在样品收集之前至少禁食了至少10小时。还计算了LDL / HDL。使用客观评分方法计算它们的疾病严重程度。结果:我们的研究结果表明,血清脂质水平与疾病严重程度之间没有显着相关性。关键词:镰状细胞疾病,血清总胆固醇,低密度脂蛋白,高密度脂蛋白,甘油三酯,疾病严重程度。</p> 2018-12-31T00:00:00 + 00:00 版权所有(c) //www.lhmqehh.cn/index.php/sljbr/article/view/189762 尼日利亚贝宁市生育诊所的不育妇女衣原体感染患病率:公共卫生关注 2019-09-16T16:46:20 + 00:00:00 F.I. 珍文 信仰.akinnibosun@uniben.edu 哦。 WeakeMeeia 信仰.akinnibosun@uniben.edu <p>ABSTRACT </p><p>本研究进行了在尼日利亚贝宁市参加生育诊所的不孕症妇女中的衣原体感染患病率。患有初级或中等不孕症的五十次不孕症,并且其年龄在24至51岁范围内均为本研究。筛选每位患者的血清,用于糖酵发的免疫吸附剂测定(ELISA)和0.90或更低的免疫球蛋白G(IgG)指数作为IgG抗体的血清,而IgG指数为1.00或更大是阳性的对于IgG抗体。目前的研究结果表明,参加尼日利亚的贝宁市生育诊所的24%至52%的患者最有可能感染衣原体;由于主要不孕患者占32%的病例和次级不孕患者的患者的68%。衣原体感染的患病率也被发现在36至40岁之间的女性中相当高。由于缺乏症状通常会使衣原体感染的临床诊断有所困难,从而增加这种疾病的患病率;建议进行常规筛选,以实现积极病例的早期治疗干预措施。</p> 2018-12-31T00:00:00 + 00:00 版权所有(c) //www.lhmqehh.cn/index.php/sljbr/article/view/189765 OcuMoplastic培训及其在尼日利亚第三高级医院的眼科服务中的作用 2019-09-16T16:46:21 + 00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00 Monsidi Kindini Fisasi. kfmoshood@yahoo.com. 再次对着土着守护者 kfmoshood@yahoo.com. <p>ABSTRACT <br />Oculoplasty subspecialty in Ophthalmology was barely 7 years in Nigeria. National statistics show an increased number of cases that should have benefitted from this expertise that is rare. As a result of this deficit, a consultant ophthalmologist was sent to Sankara Nethralaya Eye Hospital, Chennai, India for 3 months oculoplastic training with the help of International Council Ophthalmology (ICO). <br />To evaluate the role of oculoplastic training in eye-service care in our hospital, all patients seen at our oculoplastic unit during the 8 months period from April to November 2017, had information extracted from their medical record. The data obtained was analysed using SPSS version 20. <br />Out of 53 patients seen 30 (56.65) were males and 23 (43.4%) were females. Majority 10 (18.9%) were diagnosed with a traumatic irreparable ruptured globe, while 10 (18.9%) had congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction. Page 7 of 23 //mc.manuscriptcentral.com/sljbr 塞拉利昂生物医学研究杂志 Oculoplastic training and its role in eye care services in a Nigeria tertiary hospital for Review Only 2 Thirty-six (67.9%) patients had surgery and 10 (18.9%) were successfully managed with lacrimal sac massage for congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction in children. Majority 10(18.9%) of the surgery were evisceration with primary ocular implants. One patient with clinically significant orbital floor fracture was referred. Four cases of congenital ptosis declined surgery. This expertise resulted in increased patient turnout by 30% and income to the department, while it saves cost to patients who need not be referred. <br />The skills acquired from oculoplastic training have help in rendering oculoplastic services to the people of Kebbi State and its environs at a reduced cost. Also, there is improved internally generated revenue to the hospital. The importance of skill transfers and subspecialty training is underscored. Keywords: oculoplastic; subspecialty training; Kebbi State; tertiary hospital</p> 2018-12-31T00:00:00 + 00:00 版权所有(c) //www.lhmqehh.cn/index.php/sljbr/article/view/189766 一种在塞拉利昂开发非传染性疾病模型的方法 2019-09-16T16:46:22 + 00:00 Chiyembezoo kachimanga. ckachimang01@pih.org. 保罗赫·公园 ckachimang01@pih.org. Marta Lado. ckachimang01@pih.org. 抽象的: Due to the rising and endemic burdens of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) in sub-Saharan Africa including Sierra Leone, innovative approaches to developing NCD care models are urgently needed and should leverage on lessons learned from other countries. We discuss an approach that can be used to develop NCD chronic care clinics in Sierra Leone with a focus on task shifting, integrating care, developing an NCD package, developing and standardising guidelines, and piloting and decentralising NCD care to rural areas. 2018-12-31T00:00:00 + 00:00 版权所有(c)